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Tupolev Tu-154

The workhorse for the domestic Aeroflot network was a trijet, like its western counterpart, the Boeing 727. The Tu-154 has three engines at the back of the fuselage, two attached to the side and one in the rear fuselage, being fed by an S‑shaped duct with the air intake in front of the vertical stabiliser. Furthermore the Tu-154 has the typical Tupolev main lan­ding gear which is retracted rearward in pods extending from the trailing edge of the wings. Both main landing gears have six wheel bogeys. Finally the Tu-154 is characterised by the sharp forward pointing bullet fairing on top of the vertical stabiliser.

The main landing gear of the Tupolev 154 is unique: it has six wheels per leg and retracts rearward in pods extending from the trailing edge of the wings.

Tail of the Tu-154. Especially the sharp forward pointing bullet fairing on top of the vertical stabiliser makes it stand out from similar aircraft.

Different versions

The different versions of the Tupolev 154 can be distinguished by

  • the shape of the nacelles
  • the shape of the bullet fairing on top of the vertical stabiliser 
  • the number of emergency exits
  • the presence of a cargo door in the left forward fuselage

Details will follow later.

Confusion possible with

Boeing 727

b727 200

The Boeing 727-200 is about the same size as the Tu-154 and has the same basic configu­ra­tion. The main diffe­ren­ces are in the main landing gear (on the 727 two wheels per leg, retracting inward) and the top of the vertical stabiliser (727 has no forward pointing bullet fairing).

Hawker-Siddeley Trident 

trident 3b

Compared to the Tu-154 the HS121 Trident has different cockpit windows and landing gear. The main landing gear has four wheels on one axis and the nose gear retracts sideward.

Yakovlev Yak-42

yak 42

Another Soviet built trijet but with more mo­dern engines, featuring separate exhausts for the fan flow. Also, it has four wheels on each main landing gear leg (which retract inward), different cockpit windows and no bullet fairing on the tail.