Eurofighter EF2000 Typhoon

Europe's jointly developed fourth generation fighter has a canard-delta wing configuration with a single, tall vertical stabiliser. The canards are placed below the cockpit and have a significant anhedral. Just behind are the two rectangular air intakes, at the bottom of the fuselage. Plates above and below the air intakes regulate the air flow. These air intakes are one of the clear recognition points of the EF2000.  

Typical for the Eurofighter are the two rectangular air intakes, with plates above and below. Also note the downward facing canards.

The tail of the Typhoon is relatively tall and nearly triangular.

Different versions

The different versions of the Eurofighter Typhoon can be distinguished by:

  • the size of the canopy
  • the presence of an infrared sensor between the canopy and canard, on the left side

EF2000 & Typhoon F2

These are both original single seat versions of the Eurofighter, bearing the factory designation EF2000. However, in the United Kingdom they are known as Typhoon F2. Externally they look like on the header photo.

EF2000, F-2000A & Typhoon FGR4

The updated versions are still designated EF2000, but received different designations in Italy (F-2000A) and the UK (Typhoon FGR4). The main difference compared to the Typhoon F2 is the addition of an infrared sensor on the left side of the nose, in between the canopy and canard. Saudi EF2000s have the same sensor. 

The Typhoon FGR4 is the current standard single seat version of the EF2000 for the Royal Air Force.

Detail of the nose of the Typhoon FGR4, with the additional infrared sensor.

EF2000(T) & Typhoon T1

Except for the two seat canopy the EF2000(T), known as Typhoon T1 in the Royal Air Force, is externally the same as the EF2000/Typhoon F2.

This is a dual seat Typhoon T1, but you have to take our word because you cannot see the left side.

On the left side the Luftwaffe EF2000(T) looks like this, and that is the same as the Typhoon T1 before.

TF-2000A & Typhoon T3

The Italian and British dual seat Typhoons have the same infrared sensor as the F-2000A and Typhoon FGR4. They are designated TF-2000A and Typhoon T3 respectively.

The infrared sensor on this two seater Eurofighter is clearly visible, making this a Typhoon T3. (photo Alan Wilson/WikiMedia)

Confusion possible with

British Aerospace EAP

bae eap

The EAP was the British Aerospace technology demonstrator for the Experimental Aircraft Programme, that formed the basis for the EF2000. Not surprisingly they look similar. The EAP has a lower vertical stabiliser, non-tilted air intakes and double delta wings. (photo Hugh Llewelyn/WikiMedia)

Chengdu J-10

chengdu j 10a

This Chinese fighter has the same general appearance as the Typhoon but has a single engine, fed by a single rectangular air intake underneath the fuselage. (photo Aktug Ates/WikiMedia)

Dassault Rafale

rafale c

The Dassault Rafale was developed in the same time as the Typhoon and they share many characteristics. The main difference is in the air intakes: those of the Rafale are placed diagonally against the fuselage instead of underneath the fuselage.

IAI Lavi

looking for photo

The same essentially applies to the Lavi of Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI). However, this delta wing with canards fighter is also powered by one engine.