Antonov An-10 and An-12 & Shaanxi Y-8
Antonov's heavy tactical cargo aircraft was developed in the same time frame as the Lockheed Hercules. The basis for the design are the twin engined An‑8 and four engined An‑10. The latter can be somewhat regarded as the passenger version of the An‑12, but the An‑10 came before the An‑12. The NATO code name is Cub.
The Chinese first built the An‑12 in license, but later the Soviet Union and China went separate ways, Xi'an reverse-built the An‑12 as the Y‑8. Production was undertaken by Shaanxi.
Like the Hercules the An-12 and Y-8 have high mounted wings with a large wingspan. Typical is the anhedral of the outer wings: they appear to drop down. Under the wings hang four turboprop engines. Unlike the Hercules the An-12/Y-8 has a standard four wheel bogey on each main landing gear leg, partly retracting sideward in small pods at the side of the fuselage, but mainly in the fuselage itself. The rather pointed nose also has windows, for the navigator, with a radar radome under its chin. The rear fuselage slopes up to allow easy loading and unloading. The vertical stabiliser has a trapezium shape and is bigger than the horizontal stabiliser. In front of the vertical stabiliser is a large triangular dorsal fin.
How to recognise the different versions of the Antonov An-10, An-12 and Shaanxi Y-8 will be added later.
Confusion possible with
Given that the Y-9 was developed from the Y-8 above, they look like each other. The Y-9 is longer than the Y-8, has different cockpit windows, six blade props and no glass nose. (photo Alert5/WikiMedia)
The Lockheed Hercules also has four engines, high wings and a sloped up rear fuselage. The C‑130 has two large main landing gear wheels in tandem configuration, wings without dihedral, a small dorsal fin and no glass nose.
Comparable in size and appearance to the An-12 but then with two engines instead of four. (photo Felix Goetting/WikiMedia)